For other uses, see, Historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, The main burial sights of Pomeranian dukes of the houses of, Prehistory to the Middle Ages (circa 400 A.D. – 1400 A.D.), Renaissance (circa 1400–1700) to Early Modern Age, Cities and towns with more than 50,000 inhabitants, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2000, Pomerania. Slovincian was spoken at the Farther Pomeranian–Pomerelian frontier, but is now extinct. , King Frederick the Great appointed Franz Balthasar von Brenckenhoff to rebuild the war-torn Prussian portion of Pomerania. The name Pomerania comes from Slavic po more, which means Land at the Sea. Prussia gained the southern parts of Swedish Pomerania in 1720,:341–343 invaded and annexed Pomerelia from Poland in 1772 and 1793, and gained the remainder of Swedish Pomerania in 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars. After Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg, who commanded a Prussian corps with a significant Pomeranian share, had left the coalition with France in the Convention of Tauroggen of 30 December 1812, the Prussian military called the Pomeranians to arms in February 1813. Vorpommern, literally Fore-Pomerania, is the smaller, western part of the former Prussian Province of Pomerania; the eastern part became part of Poland after the end of World War II. Sweden reestablished control after the Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 28 June 1679. Agriculture primarily consists of raising livestock, forestry, fishery, and the cultivation of cereals, sugar beets, and potatoes. These commissioners collected contributions (war tax) and supervised garrison. The Province of Pomerania (German: Provinz Pommern) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 until 1945. The Pomeranian State Museum in Greifswald, dedicated to the history of Pomerania, has a variety of archeological findings and artefacts from the different periods covered in this article. In turn, Holstein's forces in Stettin were arrested as a Swedish ally by Prussia. With Prussia, both provinces joined the newly constituted German Empire in 1871. But even more clearly a Province of Pomerania existed previously. 1 Mark 1920 Local banknote 93 × 54 mm . In the Middle Ages, the area was ruled by the Pomeranian dukes as part of the Duchy of Pomerania.  Pomerania is mentioned repeatedly in the chronicles of Adam of Bremen (c. 1070) and Gallus Anonymous (ca. In 1750, recruitment of settlers started in Danzig, Elbing, Warsaw, Augsburg, Frankfurt am Main, Nuremberg, Hamburg and Brussels. The Prussian troops took quarter in Kolberg. The easternmost coastline along the Gdańsk Bay (with the Bay of Puck) and Vistula Lagoon, has the Hel Peninsula and the Vistula peninsula jutting out into the Baltic. , Brandenburgian Pomerania was left ravaged and the civilian death toll amounted to 72,000. In the Battle of Stralsund Charles XII of Sweden led the defense until 22 December 1715, when he evacuated to Lund. As a result of the Teutonic rule, in German terminology the name of Prussia was also extended to conquered Polish lands like Gdańsk Pomerania, although it was not inhabited by Baltic Prussians but Lechitic Poles. , The reforms of vom Stein (1807) and Karl August von Hardenberg (1811) abolished serfdom. Under the German rule the Polish minority suffered discrimination and oppressive measures aimed at eradicating its culture. Detailed information about the coin 25 Pfennig (Jacobshagen), Prussian province of Pomerania, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data The chamber was responsible for all administrative fields of the province except for justice (that was within the responsibility of the government and the court) and ecclesial administration (handled by the Konsistorium). After the war, Prussia after diplomatic efforts of Hardenberg in the Congress of Vienna gained Swedish Pomerania by paying 2,6 million Taler to Denmark and granting her the Duchy of Lauenburg, and paying an additional 3,5 million Taler to Sweden on 7 June 1815. , Brandenburg-Prussia set up a combined military institution, the war commissionary for her Pomeranian province and Neumark. In the west of Pomerania lie several islands, the largest of which are Rugia, the largest island in Germany, Usedom/Uznam, and Wolin, the largest island in Poland. The arrival of Pomerania immigrants with Germans and Italians helped form the state of Espírito Santo since the early 1930s. Ihna, Łeba). The Pomeranian region has the following administrative divisions: The bulk of Farther Pomerania is included within the modern West Pomeranian Voivodeship, but its easternmost parts (the Słupsk area) now constitute the northwest of Pomeranian Voivodeship. In March, all French forces left Pomerania, except for Stettin, which was held by the French until 5 December 1813. Cities in the historical region of Pomerania: Other cities in the Pomeranian and Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodeships: In the German part of Pomerania, Standard German and the East Low German Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch Clearly the history of Pomerania as a "real" Prussian province started in 1815. The province was succeeded by the Province of Pomerania set up in 1815. Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeiten. After the Thirty Years' War, the province consisted of Farther Pomerania. Ferdinand von Schill was among the defendants. For a list of towns in the former Province of Pomerania, see . East Pomeranian, the East Low German dialect of Farther Pomerania and western Pomerelia, Low Prussian, the East Low German dialect of eastern Pomerelia, and Standard German were dominating in Pomerania east of the Oder-Neisse line before most of its speakers were expelled after World War II. Industrial food processing is increasingly relevant in the region. , Swamps in the Randowbruch and Uckermark regions were drained and settled with colonists from the Low Countries from 1718. Within this ridge, a chain of moraine-dammed lakes constitutes the Pomeranian Lake District. Throughout the existence of the Griffin duchy, Brandenburg claimed overlordship and was asserted of Pomerania inheritance in numerous treaties. :363, 364 The former Brandenburg-Prussian Pomerania and the former Swedish parts were reorganized into the Prussian Province of Pomerania,:366 while Pomerelia was made part of the Province of West Prussia. No need to register, buy now! , After the great losses of the previous wars, Prussia began rebuilding and resettling her war-torn province in 1718. Find the perfect province pomerania stock photo. Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Pelplin, one of the largest churches in Poland. , On 12 June 1714, king Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg-Prussia concluded a treaty with the Russian Empire confirming her gains in Swedish Ingermanland, Karelia and Estonia, and in turn received Russian confirmation of his gains in southern Swedish Pomerania. Western Pomerania, also called Hither Pomerania (German: Vorpommern), is the western extremity of the historic region of the Duchy, later Province of Pomerania, nowadays divided between the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Poland. Protestant craftsmen from Roman Catholic Poland settled in the towns. Most colonists originated in the Palatinate, Mecklenburg and Poland. In 1466, with the Teutonic Order's defeat in the Thirteen Years' War, Pomerelia became again subject to the Polish Crown and formed the Pomeranian Voivodeship within the province of Royal Prussia. Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Canada). Pomerania was first mentioned in an imperial document of 1046, referring to a Zemuzil dux Bomeranorum (Zemuzil, Duke of the Pomeranians). :512–515:373ff The German citizens of the former eastern territories of Germany and Poles of German ethnicity from Pomerelia were expelled. , On 22 November 1714, King Charles XII of Sweden returned from Turkey to lead the Swedish defense in Pomerania in person. In the 1740s, colonists were invited from the Palatinate, Württemberg, Mecklenburg and Bohemia. The Province of Pomerania (German: Provinz Pommern) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 until 1934. Pomerania in Poland.png 508 × 494; 66 KB. Pommern; 14,830 sq mi/38,410 sq km), with Stettin (Szczecin Szczecin, … , To compensate for the wartime population losses, new colonists were attracted. people were paid 23% of a house's cost if they built it with fire-proof material, and vacant residential areas were granted rent free to those willing to erect buildings. renewable energy components), and sugar refineries, along with paper and wood fabricators. Settlement in the area called Pomerania for the last 1,000 years started by the end of the Vistula Glacial Stage, some 13,000 years ago. Brenckenhoff, after providing some humanitarian aid in 1763 (especially horses and wheat from the military and money for seed and life stock), introduced programs for financial aid, tax reduction, and low-rate credits and thus managed to have most of the farms that had been destroyed rebuild in 1764. 50 Pfennig - Greifenhagen (1921) Iron • ⌀ 23.8 mm Funck# 170.2 . It was represented in the urban communities by "Steuerkommissar" and in the rural districts by "Kriegskommissar" (later "Kreisdirektor") officials. Sweden and Russia invaded Brandenburgian Pomerania throughout the years 1760 and 1761. A. W. R. Whittle, Europe in the Neolithic: The Creation of New Worlds, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p.198. A small part of it was restored to Poland after World War I; the remainder, together with part of Pomerania, became Polish in 1945. This list of municipalities in the Province of Pomerania is based on the information found …  Service industries today are an important economical factor in Pomerania, most notably with logistics, information technology, life science, biotechnology, health care, and other high-tech branches often clustering around research facilities of the Pomeranian universities. Germany › German Notgeld › Pomerania, Prussian province of › Dramburg, District of • Mark (notgeld, 1914-1924) 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark. Province of Pomerania is a group on Roblox owned by ZenixFrost with 13 members. According to the Treaty of Schwedt on 6 October, Menschikov was paid his war costs by Prussia, and Stettin was occupied by Holstein and Brandenburg troops. The Pomerania euroregion comprises Hither Pomerania and Uckermark in Germany, West Pomerania in Poland, and Scania in Sweden. The province was to be governed by a "Regierung" (government, led by a president and a chancellor, four other members, general administration, in charge of the police, border patrol, enforcement of ducal rights), a "Kammer" (chamber, also "Amtskammer"), a "Rentei", for administration of the domains), a "Hofgericht" (court) and a "Konsistorium" (ecclesiastical administration). 1113). Also, public buildings were renewed or built new by the Prussian administration. Corridor de Dantzig.jpg 2,048 × 1,329; 240 KB. List of towns in Vorpommern for all towns that … Since the late 12th-early 13th century, the Griffin Duchy of Pomerania stayed with the Holy Roman Empire and the Principality of Rugia with Denmark, while Pomerelia, under the ruling of Samborides, was a part of Poland. , In 1812, French troops invaded Swedish Pomerania, and also occupied Prussian Pomerania again. A second chamber (though under superiority of the Stettin chamber) was set up in 1764 in Köslin for the eastern districts. Afterwards, its territory became part of Allied-occupied Germany and Poland. This new chamber moved from Stargard, which had been capital since 1668, to Stettin, which had been acquired by Prussia and merged into the Pomeranian province in 1720. Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeiten, 1999, pp.77ff. Best Family Hotels in Pomerania Province on Tripadvisor: Find traveler reviews, candid photos, and prices for 1,120 family hotels in Pomerania Province, Poland. The siege was not successful and was lifted only when Prussia surrendered to Napoleon Bonaparte in the Peace of Tilsit on 2 July. Kashubian and East Low German are also spoken by the descendants of émigrées, most notably in the Americas (e.g. Furthermore, there were the ducal domains ("Amt") Kolbatz, Friedrichswalde, Marienfließ, Treptow, Stolp and Rügenwalde, and the towns of Pyritz, Stargard, Treptow an der Rega, Greifenberg, Belgard, Neustettin, Schlawe, Stolp, Rügenwalde, Kolberg and Köslin. , The Swedish forces left Kolberg and were replaced by Brandenburgian troops on 6 June 1653. , Throughout the 1750s, the vast Oderbruch swamps were drained to provide farmland. Tomasz Kamusella in Prauser and Reeds (eds), The border valley is formed by the rivers, invaded and annexed Pomerelia from Poland, gained the remainder of Swedish Pomerania in 1815, territorial changes of Poland after World War II, most of its speakers were expelled after World War II, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001-07, "Os pomeranos: um povo sem Estado finca suas raízes no Brasil", "Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego - Strona główna", "Muzeum w Darłowie - Zamek Książąt Pomorskich zaprasza", "Muzeum Narodowe w Szczecinie - Aktualności", Pomeranian dukes castle in Szczecin (Polish, German, English), Collection of historical eBooks about Pomerania (German), Map of Pomerania as in 1905, in German Wikipedia, Woiewództwa Pomorskie i Małborskie oraz Pomerania Elektorska, G.B.A.Rizzi-Zannoni 1772, FEEFHS Map Room: German Empire - East (1882) - Pommern (Pomerania), Prussia, List of placenames in the Province of Pomerania, Western Pomerania Lagoon Area National Park, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland, Evangelical State Church in Prussia (extinct), Post-WWII settlement of Poles and Ukrainians, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pomerania&oldid=1001606410, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, VG and locally optional: ANK, GW, HGW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG, VR and locally optional: GMN, HST, NVP, RDG, and RÜG, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 13:00. As the majority of Pomerania became polish in 1945, names for these counties are noted bilingually for … German Empire - Prussia - Pomerania (1871).svg 976 × 818; 767 KB. Even before the Seven Years' War, the Inner Colonisation of Farther Pomerania had been begun by prince Moritz of Anhalt-Dessau. Top Pomerania Province Monuments & Statues: See reviews and photos of monuments & statues in Pomerania Province, Poland on Tripadvisor. Creation and administration of the province within the Kingdom of Prussia. Map of the Prussian Province of Pomerania (Pommern)in 1905. After the Thirty Years' War, the province consisted of Farther Pomerania. , On 15 September 1733, Prussian king Frederick William I ordered another administrative reform. Programs were devised for financial aid to rebuild houses, e.g. Although there had been a Prussian Province of Pomerania before, the Province of Pomerania was newly constituted in 1815, based on the "decree concerning improved establishment of provincial offices" (German: Verordnung wegen verbesserter Einrichtung der Provinzialbehörden), issued by Karl August von Hardenberg on 30 April, and the integration of Swedish Pomerania, handed over to Prussia on 23 October. Prussia united western and central Pomerania into one province called Pommern. During the 1980s, the Solidarity and Die Wende ("the change") movements overthrew the Communist regimes implemented during the post-war era; since then, Pomerania is democratically governed. , After the Battle of Zorndorf in 1759 (Seven Years' War), Russian troops made their way into Pomerania and laid a siege on Kolberg. Ruins of Augustinians' cloister in Jasienica, Police. Johannes Hoops, Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde, Walter de Gruyter, p.422. The Hardenberg decree reformed all Prussian territories, which henceforth formed ten (later eight) provi… The name Pomerania comes from Slavic po more, which means "Land at the Sea".. Stralsund, one of several Hanseatic cities built in typical Brick Gothic style. Subsequently, the Lauenburg and Bütow Land, Draheim, and Swedish Pomerania south of the Peene river were joined into the province. In November 1808, the French troops left the province except for Stettin, which forced the provincial government to move to Stargard in 1809. The Brazilian city of Pomerode (in the state of Santa Catarina) was founded by Pomeranian Germans in 1861 and is considered the most typically German of all the German towns of southern Brazil. [Let someone arise from my bones as an avenger]". During the Second Northern War (1654–1660), Brandenburg-Prussia and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth concluded the Treaty of Wehlau on 19 September 1657, and the subsequent Treaty of Bromberg. From the First Humans to the Mesolithic Hunters in the Northern German Lowlands, Current Results and Trends - THOMAS TERBERGER. Between 1740 and 1784, 26,000 colonists arrived in Prussian Pomerania, and 159 new villages were founded. Pomerania Province Tourism: Tripadvisor has 3,36,612 reviews of Pomerania Province Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Pomerania Province Tourism resource. While most went on to settle in other parts of Prussia, some settled in Pomerania. The Province of Pomerania was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia, the later Kingdom of Prussia. The office was assigned to the former Kreisdirektor. Already before the reform, the positions of Kreisdirektor (initially Kriegskommissar) and Landrat of a district had often been held by the same man. In 1772 it was annexed by Prussia and made into the province of West Prussia. The German … The soil is generally rather poor, sometimes sandy or marshy.. After the Thirty Years' War, the province consisted of Farther Pomerania. The Thirty Years' War severely ravaged and depopulated narrow Pomerania; few years later this same happened to Pomerelia (the Deluge). (Redirected from Ecclesiastical Province of Pomerania) The Pomeranian Evangelical Church (German: Pommersche Evangelische Kirche; PEK) was a Protestant regional church in the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, serving the citizens living in Hither Pomerania. All peasants of a canton were enrolled by the Prussian army, and assigned to the Prussian infantry units Infanterieregiment 7, 8, 17, 22 or 30, or the cavalry units Dragonerregiment 1, 2 or 5.  In 1325 the line of the princes of Rügen died out, and the principality was inherited by the Griffins.. The Province of Pomerania was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia, the later Kingdom of Prussia. In February 1715, Charles seized Wolgast in an advance to reestablish Swedish control in Western Pomerania. , In the Treaty of Stockholm, concluded on 21 January 1720, Prussia was allowed to retain its conquest, including Stettin. Troops were to be permanently garrisoned in the town, this was to be paid for by the province.  Starting in the 10th century, early Polish rulers subdued the region, successfully integrating the eastern part with Poland, while the western part fell under the suzerainty of Denmark and the Holy Roman Empire in the late 12th century. The colonists were freed of certain taxes and services such as military service. English: Detail maps of the 1905 province map linked above were made to illustrate articles on counties (Landkreise) of the former prussian province of Pomerania.County names are given with the thumbnails, the administration seat is added in brackets if not identical with the county name. Thurbruch, Plönebruch, Schmolsiner Bruch) and lakes (e.g. The Province of Pomerania (German: Provinz Pommern) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 until 1946. Yet, Sweden had been one of the most important players in the war and as such, she was awarded some of her territorial gains in Pomerania (Swedish Pomerania), after the war by the Peace of Westphalia, thwarting Brandenburg-Prussia's ambitions for inheritance of the whole former Duchy of Pomerania. Germany's Province of Pomerania was expanded in 1938 to include northern parts of the former Province of Posen–West Prussia, and in late 1939 the annexed Pomorze Gdańskie/Polish Corridor became part of the wartime Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia. Most came from the Palatinate, while the Bohemians soon returned to their homeland as a result of housing shortages. The German part constituted the Prussian province of Pomerania (Ger. Farther Pomerania in turn comprises several other historical subregions, most notably the Principality of Cammin, the County of Naugard, the Lands of Schlawe and Stolp, and also the Lauenburg and Bütow Land (the last, however, is sometimes regarded as a part of Pomerelia or Kashubia). Today German Hither Pomerania forms the eastern part of the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, while the Polish part is divided mainly between the West Pomeranian, Pomeranian voivodeships, with their capitals in Szczecin and Gdańsk. , In 1786, the population of Prussian Pomerania (Farther Pomerania and Western Pomerania south of the Peene river) reached 438,700. Most of the region is coastal lowland, being part of the Central European Plain, but its southern, hilly parts belong to the Baltic Ridge, a belt of terminal moraines formed during the Pleistocene.  Their importance and respect are one of the cultural signatures of the area. , After Prussia lost the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt in late 1806, French troops marched north into the Pomeranian province. Also, the rural nobility was enlisted into the army as potential officers.  Pomerania, during its alliance in the Holy Roman Empire, shared borders with West Slavic state Oldenburg, as well as Poland and the expanding Margraviate of Brandenburg. The allied forces subsequently occupied all of Pomerania except for Stralsund. On 23 October, Swedish Pomerania was merged into the Prussian province, both now constituting the Province of Pomerania. The term "West Pomerania" is ambiguous, since it may refer to either Hither Pomerania (in German usage and historical usage based on German terminology) or to combined Hither and Farther Pomerania or the West Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish usage). In the 12th century, the Duchy of Pomerania (western part), as a vassal state of Poland, became Christian under saint Otto of Bamberg (the Apostle of the Pomeranians); at the same time Pomerelia (eastern part) became a part of diocese of Włocławek within Poland. Farther Pomerania was made a province of Prussia (Brandenburg-Prussia) after the Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648. 10 Pfennig - Greifenhagen Iron • ⌀ 20.00 mm Funck# 170.1 . 50 Pfennig 1920 Local banknote 81 × 55 mm . Subsequently, the Lauenburg and Bütow Land, Draheim, and Swedish Pomerania south of the Peene river were joined into the province. When Kolberg withstood, the Russian troops ravaged Farther Pomerania. The knightly districts assigned nine, the noble families six, the towns five and Stift Cammin also five. The term "East Pomerania" may similarly carry different meanings, referring either to Farther Pomerania (in German usage and historical usage based on German terminology), or to Pomerelia or the Pomeranian Voivodeship (in Polish usage). Mechanical engineering facilities ( i.a begun by prince Moritz of Anhalt-Dessau and economical.. Pomorskie ) is one of the medieval West Slavic Pomeranians, are numerous rural... 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